New York City has seen a steep decline in serious crime since the early 1990s, accompanied by a dramatic drop in the use of jail, with the average daily jail population declining 53 percent from 21,688 in 1991 to 10,240 in 2015. The city is continuing concerted efforts to drive down both crime and unnecessary detention even further, including the recent citywide expansion of supervised release, a bail alternative program for individuals who can be safely supervised in the community while waiting for trial. The city has also taken steps to reduce the number of people with behavioral health needs cycling through jail and expanded effective reentry planning to curb recidivism. To continue building on past reform efforts, New York was awarded $2 million from the Safety and Justice Challenge to invest in strategies that will further reduce the average daily jail population over the next two years.
New York City plans to institutionalize systemic changes that will increase fairness, accelerate case processing times, and more precisely calibrate the criminal justice system’s response to risk and need. The single biggest driver of the city’s jail population is case delay. The MacArthur award will support continued work to both clear the immediate backlog as well as analyze and develop targeted solutions for systemic causes of delay, reducing case processing times in an enduring way. Crucially, the Mayor’s Office of Criminal Justice has conducted this work in partnership with leadership from the State Courts, the city’s five District Attorneys’ officers, the defense bar, and other Mayoral agencies—all of which have a role to play in reducing case delay. Additionally, the MacArthur award will support strategies that improve the city’s ability to match defendants to appropriate interventions.
LEAD AGENCY -
New York City Mayor's Office of Criminal Justice
New York Police Department, Department of Correction, Office of Court Administration, all five District Attorney Offices and the citywide Special Narcotics Prosecutor, the Legal Aid Society, Brooklyn Defender Services, Bronx Defenders, Queens Legal Associates, New York County Defender Services, Neighborhood Defender Services of Harlem, Assigned Counsel Plans of the First and Second Appellate Divisions, Department of Probation, Criminal Justice Agency, Corporation Counsel of the City of New York, Office of Management and Budget, Administration for Children’s Services, Mayor’s Office to Combat Domestic Violence, Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Alternatives to Incarceration/Detention Network, and the Corporation for Supportive Housing.
JAIL CAPACITY -